Civil Rights Blog: The March


The event of the March on Washington was a spectacular event. Thousands of people gathered together for the cause of Civil Rights. For this blog I hope to show you a few sources that highlight this amazing event.

First is a picture of a group of Civil Rights leaders posing with Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson and Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy. The reason that this meeting was held is due to the fact that many people in Washington feared that the March to the capital would turn into a violent protest. The Civil Rights leaders who were planning this deiced upon the meeting as to ensure that their chances at equality would not be overlooked due to this. Robert F. Kennedy opposed the idea of a March due to the potential for violence and that it might ruin the Civil Rights Bill they had been working on.


The second source that I found was a video containing a speech that President John F. Kennedy gave about his stance on the March prior to it taking place. He Said,

“So that I think that what we are talking about is an issue that concerns all of our people and must in the final analysis be settled by the Congress and by the executive branch, working with 180 million people. This is an effort, however, to bring focus to the strong concern of a good many citizens. So that I think, as I said before, it is in that tradition that I meet with the leadership and in which I think it is appropriate that these people and anyone else who feels themselves who are concerned- should come to Washington, see their Congressmen, and see any of us if they feel that it is in the public interest.”

President Kennedy, in his address to the press, states that he agrees with the action of March on the capital. This shows how dedicated to the peoples’ interests he was, because he invites people that have an issue with something to come to Congress, as is their right, and try to work it out. Kennedy made no mention of trying to stop this from happening and openly stated that he didn’t know exactly what they outcome would be.

To listen to Kennedy address the press on this matter go to the link below and click the video 180 million people–180-Million-People-part-1

The next couple of sources are pictures of the event taking place. On August 28th, 1963 200,000 people showed up for this event, spilling and crowding an area the size of five city blocks. People of all different color and background gathered together to sing and listen to Martin Luther King Jr. speak. The people were united were together under one cause and above all it was peaceful. All 200,000 people in harmony with one another. This shows exactly what the Civil Rights leaders were fighting for. Peace, love, equality. The very thing that they represented that day in Washington D.C.


A group of people keeping cool on the day of the march


Speaker Martin Luther King Jr.


A view of the crowd of 200,000 people on August 28th, 1963. The day of the March

By looking through these sources it’s easy to see that the March on Washington was a huge success. It built up a positive reputation for the Civil Rights Movement and also the African American community. 200,000 people gathered in our Nation’s Capital to stand up for what they believed was right. These sources provide a visual to our nation’s history that a book simply cannot provide. They bring history to life through speeches, transcripts, and pictures. In the letter from the white house shown below, they state that the efforts shown by the thousands of Americans that day did a great deal and that the executive branch will continue its efforts to eliminate discrimination. The March was one of the greatest moments and triumphs in American history. To this day, children in schools will be taught about Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech. This event provides us with the hope that since people who are vastly different from one another can gather together and be united under one cause. The story that these sources tell is one of victory and fearlessness. These people gathered, marched, and spoke out about what they wanted and today Martin Luther King Jr.’s dream is realized. The story of The March on Washington is a great one that will be told for years and years to come.

This is a letter from the White House address the event of the March on Washington

This is a letter from the White House address the event of the March on Washington


World War One Blog: Harry Lamin


When studying wars throughout history, we look at the bigger picture. Who won and who lost. Often times we forget that it was the people who fought that are the most important. During the first World War there was an English soldier by the name of Harry Lamin. Despite all the fighting and traveling around he wrote to his family back at home. Harry Lamin was born in the month of August in 1887 to parents Henry and Sarah Lamin. Growing up he had four siblings Mary Esther, Kate, Annie, and a brother Jack. At 29  years old, Lamin enrolled in the army to fight In WWI and was sent to the Western Front to begin his service in the military.He was a part of the ninth Battalion and York Regiment where he was in the front line at Flanders and Northern Italy in World War One. It was at this time that he began to write to his family. He wrote of the living conditions, the food rations he received, and the moments the troop he was in made. According to the letters he wrote, living conditions were very cramped. So much so that there were 29 men living in one hut together. The soldiers in his troop received little food rations to sustain them as well. On top of all this, it seemed that his troops were constantly on the move. Harry Lamin must have had a rough transition into the services. I can hardly imagine what it would be like to fight in a war like that. Most soldiers during WWI lived in poor conditions and these conditions were the norm among all troops. Rarely were warm meals made for the soldiers and they had to suffer through(trenchwarfareworldwar1). When Lamin relates the events of his daily life to his family he is very calm and collected. He makes the tone of his letters easing as to not alarm his family and give them some piece of mind during the times that they were going through. He loved his family very much and this is evident through the letters he writes. He took time out of his day to day life, as busy as it was, to personally keep his family informed about what his life was like in the military. I’m sure that it gave his family peace to receive his letters and know that he was okay. Harry Lamin was just one soldier during the war. Many other people fought during this time. I believe that reading about others lives during World War One is the best way to help us grasp what life was like.

Harry Lamin

Harry Lamin


Blog Seven


Labor leaders of the 19th Century were some remarkable people. They banded together to create Labor Movements to improve working conditions for men, women, and children. These leaders stuck up for the “odd man out” so to speak. Most wealthy industrialist didn’t exactly care about the lives of their workers,they cared about the product being made. Money was the only language they knew and they desired getting above all other ideals.

If I were a labor leader during the 19th century and was asked to explain why Immigrant families often lived in poverty I could offer a few answers. First, immigrants were not liked by many people. Business owners knew that these immigrants workers would work for cheap next to nothing wages and took advantage of this. They didn’t make enough to provide for their families and in turn their wives and children would have to work as well just to scrape by. Second, due to the fact that they were immigrants, they were seen as expendable and replaceable. If an immigrant worker was injured there was no compensation. They could either keep working or were fired. This is especially terrible since most working conditions during this time were unsafe. These immigrant families continued to  live in poverty because no one offered them a leg up in life. They barely made enough money to feed themselves how could they think of getting out of a slum? It’s for this very reason that labor leaders step in. It’s not fair to these workers, immigrants or not.

Immigrant workers during the 19th Century   Immigrant children Sleeping in an alleyway



Blog Six


If I were a northern white man who believed in the ideas of Free Labor and Manifest Destiny I would have many ideas about my life and family tied in. The idea that the west is waiting for Americans to settle it appeals to me. I hope to move out west and make a life for my family. Its ours for the taking and settling it is our destiny as American people. The idea of Free Labor is to be able to sell my own labor for a wage. Extending slavery to the west takes away my right to Free Labor. It’s not fair to me and my family that slave labor cuts in on that ability. If the south wants to follow Manifest Destiny as well then they are more than welcome but they should exclude salves from that. Make a life without them. The west is a great place for starting over and making a life for yourself.  My family and I need a chance to earn for ourselves and slavery takes that away. We have enough slaves states. I have the right to Free Labor. I want to make something of myself without worrying about someone else taking away that right. 


Blog Five


The Articles of Confederation were good in the way that they were familiar to the American people. Some may say that they were weak but a strong government isn’t built over night. Working on developing the Articles into something better should have been the original plan versus starting over and making a whole new frame of government. They insured that the government power was limited and that the people had the overall say in their country. States had power individually rather than having a centralized form of government which worked in favor of the Americans so that each state had decisions made on behalf of their individual needs. The Articles helped found America and the government should have stayed true to that. With The Articles in places their was little room for poor decisions to be made. Every state had direct say and with the majority vote in place it was quite difficult for a bad law to be passed. During this time, people should have focused more on building the country and then building a government to accommodate to its needs. Not the other way around. The Articles allowed for the growth that America needed at the time. The Constitution set in stone what was allowed and what was not. Due to this America ended up forming itself around a government.


Stamp Act Project


1.)    The reason that the British believed it was necessary to tax the colonists was because of two things. After the French and Indian war, Britain was left with a gigantic debt and felt that it was part of the colonists duty to aid in that way. The second reason was that since the British had gained more territory and had a growing empire and they felt that control was a necessity. If they didn’t have the ultimate authority then the American people would just do what they wanted.

2.)    The first thing that the British Parliament put into place that set the colonists on edge was that of the Writs of Assistance. This made it legal for the British Parliament to confiscate any illegally transported goods. The colonists felt that this was violating their English Constitutional Protections.

3.)    The colonists resisted by using petitions to the British Parliament and issued pamphlets about how unconstitutional the taxes were. They also employed the tactic of boycotting. They would protest the use of the British items that were taxed in hopes that Britain would stop with the unfair taxing. They called to crowds to join the call as well.

4.)    The Stamp Act was an act that taxed paper goods in the colonies. They taxed anything that they could involving the paper. All legal document and licenses, all deeds and advertisements. All letters, notes, or other instruments for righting. They taxed all printed goods and things used for writing.

5.)    According to Franklin, the American people resisted to the taxes laid by the British Parliament because they never knew about it. Britain laid the taxes and the Americans never knew because they were not represented in parliament. The colonists had no problem paying the external taxes because they were optional. If they didn’t want to pay the high prices they didn’t have to buy the product. But with the internal taxes, the Americans had no choice. They couldn’t get married or have a will or own property without paying those taxes. There was no way around them.

6.)    Franklin’s overall message to the British Parliament is that they are being unfair. He says that you cannot make the American people do what you want them to do. If the act is not repealed then American’s will begin to resent Britain and much will happen.

7.)    North Carolina Gazette, 20 November 1765 is the source.

8.)    The first incident occurred on Saturday December 19th. In this incident consisted of the town’s people creating an effigy and hanging it by the court house for some time. When it had hung up for a while they burned it and then put it into a coffin while drinking a toast. The reason behind the effigy was that a man was in favor of the stamp act. The second incident was Thursday December 31st. In this incident the people made and effigy of Liberty and put it into a coffin. They had a funeral procession throughout the town. Then before they buried it, they checked the effigy’s pulse. They found one and celebrated that Liberty was still alive. Another incident occurred on Saturday the 16thand consisted of the town’s people creating an effigy and hanging, burning, and burying it. Another incident happened on Wednesday.

9.)    The Stamp Act affected everyday people in the way that it made their day to day lives very difficult. Every thing that they would use in their daily lives would be taxed which is really inconvenient. It wasn’t fair that they would be taxed in such a way and it caused some major problems for the early American people.

10.)   Peter Oliver is the author of this article. His intended audience was the British. He speaks in a negative way of the colonists and how they feel about the Stamp act. He calls them Anarchists and discusses that they are wrong.

11.)   An instance that the author relates is that a mob broke into the Office of the Register of Admiralty and caused significant damage to property and such. He also, discusses how a man who was appointed Stampmaster was attacked.

12.)   The author of this articles perspective was biased against those who opposed the Stamp Act. He viewed their actions in a negative manner and favored the British side of the argument.

13.)    The targeted audience for the resolutions and boycotts would be England itself. They state many times that they feel that paying the Stamp Act is not necessary for them since they don’t live in England.

14.)   The general overview of what was said was that the colonies were founded upon the English idea of freedom and nothing more so that they are entitled to be free.

15.)    This is technically like a text book in the way that it gives and overview. The gist of the history of the American Revolution and so therefore it is an example of because it provides a historians interpretation of this event in time.

16.)    At the same time, though, it has a few characteristics of a primary source in the way that it offers a somewhat firsthand account of The American Revolution because the author lived during the time that it happened.




I learned so much from this project. I never fully looked into the facts behind the Stamp Act. What I learned is that not everyone opposed it. Some people saw that Stamp Act as necessary to America and the rightful act towards England. Also, the protests against the act were more involved that I had originally believed them to be. The act affected the lives of the early colonists in so many ways and it wasn’t really fair to the people. Looking back, had the colonists dealt with what they had been put through, we might still be a part of England. Reading the sources that I read helped broaden my perspective in so many ways. For one, people of that time all had different views on the Stamp Act which history books and schools don’t usually emphasize in your early schooling. I really enjoyed doing this project and learning about different aspects of history.



Blog Three


If I were to choose a colonial state to live in during that time, I would choose a Middle colony such as Pennsylvania. The middle colonies had quite a few advantages and characterisitcics that draw me to it. First of all, those colonies(including Pennsylvania) were diverse. All different kinds of people lived in this area of early America. There were many different faith groups and ethnic groups that I feel its a better more equal place to live. Also, these middle colonies were significantly more liberal than that of the New England and Southern colonies. They allowed for women to have a say in how things were done. As many advantages as there are with these colonies, there also are a few drawbacks. As free as they claimed to be, in the end, the colonial states in the middle would not hesitate to use civil government to enforce religious morality. The contradiction between what was said and how things were done was very evident. There was no perfect place to live during this time in American History because we were still in the stage of early development and foundation. But the overall ideals and standards of the middle colonies seem to stand better with who I am than the New England or Southern Colonies.


Blog Two


Being part of the Chumash tribe on the coast of California and in the San Joaquin Valley is a very remarkable thing. Our territory once stretched 7,000 from the beaches of Malibu to Paso Robles. We have an advantage due to our location so that we can live off of the land and the sea. Due to this advantage we are able to live in a sustainable way. Many people have called us the “bead maker” or “shell people” due to our craftiness because we can weave baskets, harvest and store food, and even create stoneware. The Chumash tribe soon even established themselves as the best boat makers above all other California Indians. Due to these abilities, my tribe became more permanent in our villages. A hierarchy began to form and classes began to develop. My people began to find their place in our society and we settled. We live in large dome-shaped houses that are made of branches and up to fifty people could live in these at a time.  We live as hunter gathers and fishermen and see that the world we live in is vital to who we are. Without it we wouldn’t be able to have the life that we live.


“History of the Chumash People.” History of the Chumash People. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2014.


Blog One


In History and Historians by Gilderhus, the reader learns many reasons for why people would study history in todays world. One of these reasons would be that we should study the past to better help us in the present and to prepare us for the future. By doing this we attempt to eliminate making mistakes as we did in the past. Another reason that someone would study history is that it is very important to who we are as humans. The “truth” that has been capture through time has great importance in telling who we are and where we have come from. For centuries, all throughout time, people have document their lives. In the years that followed others would read and discover these accounts and begin to wonder “What was it like?”. This concept is very important to us as humankind. It illustrates the unique curiosity we have and the idea that we are making history in our everyday lives, which is a very amazing thing. And lastly, people might study history to analyze the potential consequences of their actions. Some consequences are unavoidable with certain situations, but as a whole looking into possible mishaps is very important.

The reason that I am studying history is simply because I find it fascinating. The idea of looking back on the past and picturing what is was like for people to live is a very neat thing. As a history major, history will play a key role in my college experience and I hope not to take it for granted. All reasons that Gilderhus listed in the reading were valid and important to my overall approach to history.